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Arctic benthic ecosystems under change: the impact of deglaciation and boreal species transportation by macroplastic


Isfjorden 2022 August sampling from OCEANIA — field work blog

Maps

Coastal ponds sampling

date time place name latitude longitude
2022-08-24 14.15-11.00 Coraholmen/Ekmanfjorden 78°40.015' 14°42.661'
number salinity temperature pH nutrients macrofauna plankton diatoms photo
pond 1 6.95.5 °C 8.2 x x x
pond 2 6.35.5 °C 8.4 x x x
pond 3 9.25.5 °C 8.4 x x x
pond 4 4.65.5 °C 8.5x x x x
pond 5 16 5.5 °C 8.4 x x x

date time place name latitude longitude
2022-08-25 14.00-11.00 Tundraodden/Borebukta 78°20.190' 14°13.405'
number salinity temperature pH nutrients macrofauna plankton diatoms photo
pond 1 06.8 °C8.4 xxx
pond 2 06.8 °C8.7 xxx
pond 3 1.46.8 °C8.73 xxx
pond 4 1.336.8 °C8.67xxxx
pond 5 10.66.8 °C8.47 xxx

date time place name latitude longitude
2022-08-26 14.30-24.00 Eidembukta/Eidembukta 78°22.434' 12°45.105'
number salinity temperature pH nutrients macrofauna plankton diatoms photo
pond 1 0.13 7.0 °C 9.13 xx x
pond 2 0.52 7.0 °C 8.62 xx x
pond 3 0.42 7.0 °C 8.64 xx x
pond 4 0.14 7.0 °C 8.85x xx x
pond 5 0.26 7.0 °C 8.64 xx x

Tidal sampling

date time place name latitude longitude activities activities activities activities activities coastal photo
2022-08-24 14.15-11.00 Ekmanfjorden 78°40.016 14°34.400 lander/bait/camera 30 m plastic count tidal flat sampling seabed photo-profile 5.15, 30 m coastal ponds
2022-08-25 14.00-11.00 Borebukta 78°22.445 14°17.839 lander/bait/camera 50 m plastic count tidal flat sampling seabed photo-profile 5.15, 30 m coastal ponds
2022-08-26 14.30-24.00 Eidembukta 78°21.680 12°47.404 lander/bait/camera 27 m plastic count tidal flat sampling seabed photo-profile 5.15, 30 m coastal ponds

Plastic count

date time place name latitude longitude 100 m unit
nr of items
100 m unit
nr of items
100 m unit
nr of items
photo
2022-08-24 14.15-11.00 Ekmanfjorden/Tolmodbukta 78°39,799' 14°50,948' 2 2 3
2022-08-25 14.00-11.00 Borebukta/Tundraodden 78°20,130' 14°13,732' 50 30 23
2022-08-26 14.30-24.00 Eidembukta 78°22,151' 12°45,534' 15 15 30

Diary

23th August 2022, arrival to Longyearbyen, accommodation at UNIS guesthouse, partly on OCEANIA

24th August, boarding to OCEANIA
08.00
Steaming to the NW corner of Isfjorden, on the way biooptical measurements. Anker on 35m depth at 14.00 in Ekmanfjorden. Deployment of lander with time laps cameras and fresh cod as bait. Land groups dedicated for fresh water ponds, tidal zone sampling, count of plastic and driftwood on the shore. Boat with CTD and drop camera to check the seabed coverage at 5, 15 and 30 m izobath. Work was completed before midnight, and samples have been marked and secured onboard.



Kajetan Deja prepares lander with time
laps cameras for deployment


Land groups leaving for field work


Place selected for tidal sampling



Sampling in coastal freshwater ponds
at Coraholmen



Surprising rich calcium deposits formed by
bivalves and calciferous algae during last
climate optimum (7000 year ago) – now
surfaced by glacier moraines erosion



Living thermophilic bivalve Mytilus edulis
found in the littoral of Ekmanfjorden
25th August 2022
09.00
Retrieval of lander with baited traps, numerous amphipods in the net (Lysianassidae – Anonyx and Onisimus). Steaming to Borebukta, with biooptical measurements on the way. Anker at Borebukta at 14.30 at 50 m depth, deployment of lander with cameras. Coastal groups depart for the field work. Large amount of driftwood and plastic debris found on the shore. Freshwater ponds with surprisingly high pH (above 8). Coastal work completed after midnight.


Coastal landscape at Borebukta


Land groups await the transportation back
to the ship
26th August 2022
Retreival of lander at 09.00 with surprising photos of three spider crabs (Hyas araneus) each with sea lilly (Heliometra glacialis) mounted on the carapace. Steaming to Eidembukta with biooptical work on the way. Numerous dolphins (white beaked dolphins, doglings) and minky whales. Anker at 13.00 in Eidembukta at 27 m depth. Deployment of land groups and arrangements with Lithuanian team working in the lagoon for their transport. Work completed and all equipment onboard before 23.00, extra precautions taken, as polar bear wasspotted near the Eidembukta lagoon – still in safe distance over 2 km.

23.00, extra precautions taken, as polar bear was spotted near the Eidembukta lagoon – still in safe distance over 2 km.


Epibenthic dredging for macrofauna
photography


Joint field work with University of Klaipeda
team – Tobia Politi from UK and Guillermo
de Mendoza from our team to the ship



Shetland archipelago field work 2022


nr date station nr place name lat long coast type exposure nr of plots with plastic
nr of plastic objects
in 10 of
1 m2
estimated weight
class of plastic per
100 m2
plastic density class photos
01 11.07.22 68_A Breiwick Rd 60°08'966"N 001°20'087 W boulder full 50 8 1-10 kg1-10
02 11.07.22 68 S of Lerwick 60°08'25,5" 001°09'31,7" W skjerra, boulder sheltered 60 6 0.1-1 kg 1 to 10
03 12.07.22 69 W Burra Meal Beach 60°06'086" 001°19'777" W sandy beach full 80 83 11-50 kg 51 to 100
04 12.07.22 70 W of W Burra 60°06'120" 001°20'087 W stony beach exposed 70 22 0.1-1 kg 11 to 50
05 12.07.22 71 Sandness 60°18'216 N 001°30'578 W stony beach exposed 40 11 0.1-1 kg 11 to 50
06 12.07.22 72 Loch of Brouster 60°14'637 N 001°31'722 W stony tidal flat sheltered 30 3 0.1-1 kg 1 to 10
07 13.07.22 73 Kirkabister _ Neap 60°14,637 N 001°31,722 W stony beach exposed 80 18 1-10 kg 11 to 50
08 13.07.22 74 Lunna _ Outrabister 60°26'342 001°04'666 W stony beach exposed 90 15 1-10 kg 11 to 50
09 13.07.22 75 Brae 60°23'696 001°21'392 W low gravel & stony beach sheltered 100 47 0.1-1 kg 11 to 50
10 14.07.22 76 Laevenwick beach 59°58,515 N 01°15'549 W sandy beach semi exposed 30 13 0.1-1 kg 11 to 50
11 14.07.22 77 Sumburgh beach 59°52'539 N 01°17'984 W sandy beach exposed 60 6 0.1-1 kg 1 to 10
12 14.07.22 78 St. Ninian tombola 59°58'229 N 01°19'916 W sandy beach semi exposed 50 16 11-50 kg 11 to 50
13 14.07.22 79 Sandvick - Mousa ferry 60°00'412 N 01°13'326 W stony beach semi exposed 70 8 0.1-1 kg 1 to 10
14 15.07.22 80 Colla Firth Ferrry 60°00,412 N 01°13,326 W stony beach semi exposed 90 17 1-10 kg 11 to 50
15 15.07.22 81 North Roe 60°35,151 N 01°19,819 W stony beach exposed 10 26 1-10 kg 11 to 50
16 15.07.22 83 Ollaberry 60°30,430 N 01°19,612 W stony beach exposed 60 8 0.1-1 kg 1 to 10
17 15.07.22 84 Hillswick 60°28,434 N 01°29,367 W stony beach semi exposed 70 16 0.1-1 kg 11 to 50
18 15.07.22 85 Ness of Hillswick 60°27,729 N 01°29,403 W stony & rocky beach semi exposed 50 5 0.1-1 kg 1 to 10
19 16.07.22 86 Voe of Sound 60°08,356 N 01°10,312 W sandy beach sheltered 60 9 11-50 kg 1 to 10
20 16.07.22 87_A Lerwick Bains beach 60°09' N 01°08' W pocket sandy beach sheltered 20 3 0.1-1 kg 1 to 10
21 17.07.22 87 Sumburgh airport beach 59°52,337 N 01°16,895 W steep sandy beach exposed 20 4 0.1-1 kg 1 to 10
22 12.07.22 88 Scalloway harbor beach 60°08' N 01°16' W flat gravel beach sheltered 100 400 1-10 kg over 100

Full work data (XLSX)

Field work 2021 on the coast - IO PAN, maps of points


Field work 2021 on the coast - IO PAN, data table

nr date place name lat long G. oceanicus G. setosus G. oceanicus % G. setosus % collected by photo
012021.08.19 Isfjorden Grumant 78°16.35251 15°05.4776 11 24 31 69 M.Włodarska
022021.08.18 Isfjorden Longyearbyen 78°13'24,6 15°40'07,3 6 16 27 73 M.Włodarska
032021.08.16 Isfjorden Pyramiden 78.53.0518' 10.42.1104' 20 25 44 56 M.Włodarska
042021.08.15 Isfjorden Lundbohmfjellet_Sveasletta 78°35.224 14°31.603 3 40 7 93 M.Włodarska
052021.08.06 NW Spitsbergen Krossfjorden 79 08.9893 011 50.3734 0 38 0 100 M.Włodarska
062021.08.05 NW Spitsbergen Kongsfjorden 78 55.6587 011 55.8441 0 12 0 100 M.Włodarska
072021.07.28 Sorkapp Hornsund 1 76 59.667 015 32.983 26 8 76 24 M.Włodarska
082021.07.30 Sorkapp Hornsund 2 77 15.5866 014 18.2066 68 10 87 13 M.Włodarska
092021.07.18 Bjornoya Nordenskjold 74 27.570 19 16.073 0 13 0 100 M.Włodarska
102021.07.18 Bjornoya Russehamna 74 23.258 19 10.350 0 71 0 100 M.Włodarska
112021.07.16 Bjornoya Austerwag 74 28.990 19 11.396 0 62 0 100 M.Włodarska
122021.05.12 Sorkapp Hytt05 77.04177601262 15.15302097424 57 0 100 0 T.Jankowski
132021.05.12 Sorkapp Hytt03 77.02742602676 15.1687510404 26 32 45 55 T.Jankowski
142021.04.29Sorkapp Tor0177.1511679794615.1267769839614194258T.Jankowski
152021.04.29 Sorkapp Hytt01 77.05422900617 15.13337002135 63 2 97 3 T.Jankowski
162021.04.29 Sorkapp Hytt04 77.05029495991 15.14049103483 74 0 100 0 T.Jankowski
172021.04.28 Sorkapp Hor04 77.00530802831 15.34268600866 38 4 90 10 T.Jankowski
182021.04.28 Sorkapp Hor02 77.0002430118 15.47343900427 48 13 79 21 T.Jankowski
192021.04.28 Sorkapp Hor01 76.995957009495 15.54123200476 28 8 78 22 T.Jankowski
202021.04.28 Sorkapp Hor03 77.00037796050 15.43342396616 60 16 79 21 T.Jankowski
212021.04.26 Sorkapp Oun4 77.47700901702 14.02798499912 47 12 80 20 T.Jankowski
222020.08.03 Isfjorden Sassendalen1 78°19'59.35"N 16°39'9.04"E 26 37 41 59 K.Deja
232020.08.03 Isfjorden Sassendalen2 78°19'59.35"N 16°39'9.04"E 22 24 48 52 K.Deja
242020.07.27 SESNP Edgeoya1/51 77°32'4.79"N 20°51'29.26"E 0 51 0 100 K.Deja
252020.07.27 SESNP Edgeoya2/52 77°32'18.76"N 20°51'3.30"E 0 43 0 100 K.Deja
262017.09.20 Isfjorden Lyr_tidal_harbour 78°13'31.8 15°37'59.2 0 25 0 100 J.M.W.
272017.09.18 Isfjorden Longyearbyen LOFF 78°13'24.6 15°40'07.3 1 185 1 99 J.M.W.
282017.08.13 Isfjorden Pyramiden 78.53.0518' 10.42.1104' 0 67 0 100 J.M.W.
2928.07.2021 Sorkapp WG1 N of Palffyodden N76° 53.628' E15° 30.789' 14 0 100 0 A.Nawrot
3028.07.2021 Sorkapp WG2 Palffyodden N76° 53.442' E15° 30.004' 17 0 100 0 A.Nawrot
3128.07.2021 Sorkapp WG3 Palffyodden N76° 53.290' E15° 29.671' 18 0 100 0 A.Nawrot
3228.07.2021 Sorkapp WG4 Breinesflya N76° 49.936' E15° 43.046' 23 0 100 0 A.Nawrot
3329.07.2021 Sorkapp WG5 Bjornskaubukta N76° 50.932' E15° 37.803' 37 0 100 0 A.Nawrot
342021.06.26 SESNP Kvalvagen-Boltodden 77°30.862 17°56.327 0 26 0 100 J.Soreide
352021.06.28 SESNP Kiepertoya-Barentsoya 78°58.712 21°43.228 0 29 0 100 J.Soreide
362021.06.25 SSNP Gnalodden-Hornsund 77°00.885 15°52.026 6 36 17 83 J.Soreide
372020.09.16 SESNP Ureinbukta-Barentsoya 78°12.178 20°41.528 0 36 0 100 J.Soreide
382020.09.15 SESNP Martinodden, Edgeoya 77°35.414 20°55.485 0 32 0 100 J.Soreide
392020.09.17 SESNP Anderssonbukta, Barentsoya 78°16.877 20°45.576 0 3 0 100 J.Soreide
402020.09.17 SESNP Gauldalen A Barentsoya 78°24.399 20°37.444 0 43 0 100 J.Soreide
412020.09.17 SESNP Gauldalen B Barentsoya 78°24.399 20°37.444 0 22 0 100 J.Soreide
422021.06.27 SESNP Kapp Dufferin Storfjorden 77°57.601 18°28.463 0 35 0 100 J.Soreide
432021.06.25 SSNP Gnalodden-Hornsund 77°00.885 15°52.026 4 24 14 86 J.Soreide
442021.06.29 SESNP Von Otteroya 79°15.764 19°59.082 0 5 0 100 J.Soreide
452020.09.19 SSNP Inglefjeldbukta - laggon 77°52.166 18°13.150 0 2 0 100 J.Soreide
462021.08.08 Kongsfjorden K_1 78.927645° 11.939735° 2 20 10 90 J.Legeżyńska
472021.07.28 Isfjorden, Eidembukta, EID_1n 78.3672056° 12.7494694° 26 6 81 19 S. Olenin
482021.07.26 Isfjorden, StJohnsfjord, StJ1 78.5053306° 12.9301222° 0 49 0 100 S. Olenin
492021.07.30 Tryghamna_1 78.2450056° 13.7688194° 10 24 29 71 S. Olenin
502021.07.30 Tryghamna_4 78.2596194° 13.7143667° 9 12 43 57 S. Olenin

Field work blog 2021 - Lithuanian team.
Svalbard, Isfjorden area, 23nd July – 31st July 2021.

Participants: Sergej Olenin, Aleksej Šaškov, Tobia Politi, Jonas Gintauskas, Mantas Liutkus (Marine Research Institute, Klaipėda University) and Dzmitry Lukashanets (Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences).
22.07.2021
Departure from Palanga/Klaipeda airport. Photo: before flight, still with all our luggage.

23.07.2021
12:50. Arrival with SAS from Oslo to Longyearbyen.
Longyearbyen.
Our baggage (12 pieces in total) has been lost by SAS. Transfer to the Polish "Hunter Hut". The team goes to the Svalbardbutikken and other shops for the most necessary warm clothing. Rafal Swietonowski (Pole Position Logistics) transports boxes and bags stored at the Pole Position (delivered by the yacht "Magnus Zaremba" to Svalbard). Visit to ‘Oceania’, where J. Zosia Legeżyńska and Kajetan Deja provide us with supplementary materials (formalin, etc) needed for the work. Photos: the hospitable hunter's hut and Longyearbyen.

24.07.2021
Longyearbyen.
Ten of the 12 pieces of luggage arrive at 4:00 pm, while two pieces did not appear. Preparing logistics. Purchasing gasoline for the generator and some food for the trip. A test flight of a drone is performed in Longyearbyen (outside of the ‘no-fly’ zone). Photo: Buying gasoline at the world most northern fuel station.

25.07.2021
Longyearbyen. 9:00.
Embarkment to the yacht ‘Magnus Zaremba’, preparation for the trip. Waiting for the rest of the lost luggage to arrive till 3 pm (no result). The crew of M. Zaremba is working to solve technical problems with the yacht, the start of the sailing is delayed. Measurement with AlgaeTorch (chlorophyll a and cyanobacteria measurements at the surface of the sea) and Secchi disk from the yacht in the Longyearbyen port. Approx. at 7 pm start sailing towards Polypinten and St. Johnsfjorden. Photos: Grześ Szymański, the sailor at M. Zarema, preparing for the sailing... and sailing (eventually).

26.07.2021
Polypinten.
Measurement with AlgaeTorch and Secchi disk from the yacht. Using a M. Zaremba’s small inflatable boat (dingy) we are testing the procedure of disembarkment on shore. Visiting the walruses’ colony. Collecting terrestrial moss samples for microfauna (4 samples). Drone flight for mapping of beach wreck. Bear footprints (probably a week or more old) sighted in the area.
St. Johnsfjorden (arrival at ca. 5 pm).
In the fjord. Measurements in the water column (with the probe - temperature, salinity, pH, conductivity, dissolved O2, turbidity, cyanobacteria total biomass and chlorophyll a; Secchi disk) at one point. At the surface: salinity 27,94, temperature 5,4; at 6 m salinity 34,84, temperature 2,9. Measurement with AlgaeTorch and Secchi disk from the yacht. The team goes onshore to test the procedure of work in the lakes. First two people to go on shore: Aleksej (our main gunman) and Jonas (the drone-man). Three drone observation flights were carried out to find the lake for the study and the best route to it, and to observe polar bears (if any). Then the rest of the team is transported, and our small inflatable rowboat ("hydro-force") is towed to the shore. All sampling equipment and inflatable boat are transported to a small lake, approx. 1 km from the coast.
Small lake (not connected to the glacier, ca. 50 m, max depth ca 2 m). Samples taken: zooplankton (2 samples), bottom sediments (3 samples) and limno-terrestrial substrata for microfauna (3 samples). Measurements in the water column with the probe, Secchi disk – at 3 points. Samples for dissolved gas (N2, O2, CH4, etc) and samples for nutrients (NH4, NO2, NO3, PO43, total N, total P) at one point in the middle of the lake. Samples for dissolved metals (Fe, Mn) – 3 samples in one point. Water samples for CDOM (colored dissolved organic matter) – three samples, phytoplankton – one sample. Drone flight to map the lake and its surroundings. On land, near the lake. Collecting terrestrial moss samples for microfauna (8 samples). Intertidal zone. Search for macroplastics with attached organisms, live blue mussels Mytilus and mussel shell deposits (nothing found). 2 samples of Gammarus, 1 sample of Littorina and 1 sample of Semibalanus were taken. Samples of macroalgae were taken at five sites within a 3 km transect for calibration of satellite image classification.

27.07.2021
Eidembukta.
On landing, the drone was sent to observe the working place, incl. possible presence of polar bears (four observational flights). Three sites have been investigated in the lagoon system: A – nearest to the glacier (deep > 15 m); B – in the middle of the lagoon system (deep = 3.5 m), and C – the most distant from the glacier (shallow, < 1 m). Seals were observed near the landing site. Lagoon system, point C (the most distant from the glacier). Measurements in the water column (probe) at one point, only surface. Samples for dissolved gas, nutrients and metals at one point (three replicas for everything). Water samples for CDOM – three samples, phytoplankton – one sample. Genetic samples in the water column for metabarcoding of bacteria involved in the nitrogen and carbon cycling. Zooplankton (6 samples). One sample of macroalgae taken with a rake from the shore of the lake.
Afterwards inflatable boat and all sampling equipment is transported to the next point (‘B’) in the lagoon system and is left there on shore until the next day. At site B a grab (rake) was used from the shore to catch macrophytes but none found. Intertidal zone. Search for macroplastics with attached organisms (nothing found). Photos: Jonas sending the drone, landing on shore, working moments, the lagoon system in Eidembukta.

28.07.2021
Eidembukta.
Measurement with AlgaeTorch and Secchi disk from the yacht. On landing, two observational flights of the drone. Team splits into two groups with Aleksej, Tobia and Dzmitry continuing work in the lagoon system and Sergej, Jonas and Mantas working in the intertidal zone. Both groups are armed with guns.
Lagoon system, sites A – nearest to the glacier and B – in the middle of the lagoon. Measurements in the water column (probe) at one point, from surface and near bottom. Samples for dissolved gas, nutrients and metals at one point (3 replicas for everything). Water samples for CDOM – three samples, phytoplankton- one sample. Genetic samples in the water column for 16s rRNA, 18S rRNA and metabarcoding of bacteria involved in the nitrogen and carbon cycling (3 replicas). Measurements with the probe (temperature, salinity, pH, conductivity, dissolved O2, turbidity) along the transect (6 sites) moving from the sampling point B to point A. At each site a water column profile is measured from surface to 7m deep. We noticed the presence of thermocline and then halocline in the water column, however our probe is too short to reach the bottom. Zooplankton (6 samples), bottom sediments (15 samples), limno-terrestrial substrata (16 samples). On land, near the lagoon system. Collecting terrestrial moss samples for microfauna (5 samples). Intertidal zone. Search for macroplastics with attached organisms (nothing found). One alive specimen of Mytilus found in the littoral; >50 empty shells collected on shore, some with rizoids of sea weeds attached to the shells, some still with tissues. One sample of Gammarus, Littorina and Semibalanus were taken. Two flights above the intertidal zone to map the beach wrack and presence of macroalgae (kelps). 18 samples of macroalgae have been taken for satellite image calibration. One flight of the drone to map the macroalgae and beach wreck. A sample of feathers is taken from a dead bird (Fulmar glacialis) found at the littoral for the analysis of heavy metal content.
Fresh (overnight) tracks of a bear appeared near point C. Seals were seen at the sampling points B and A of the lagoon. Three seals fought against the current in the river, trying to get into the lagoon from the sea. Photos: sampling in the littoral zone, Tobia on the lake, bear’s foot print close to the sampling point C.

29.07.2021
Trygghamna.
Measurement with AlgaeTorch and Secchi disk from the yacht.
On landing, an observational flight of the drone. The whole team brings equipment to the distant lake Lovenvatnet.
Lovenvatnet lake (in a valley, close to the glacier, ca. 1000 m in length, 400 m width, max depth > 15 m). Measurements in the water column (probe) at 1 point, from surface and near bottom. Samples for dissolved gas, nutrients and metals at one point (three replicas for everything). Water samples for CDOM – three samples, phytoplankton- one sample. Genetic samples in the water column for metabarcoding of bacteria involved in the nitrogen and carbon cycling. With the probe a transect of 3 points is made, from the middle of the lake to the shore (temperature, salinity, pH, conductivity, dissolved O2, turbidity). One observational and one “mapping” flight above the lake. Zooplankton (6 samples), bottom sediments (9 samples), limno-terrestrial substrata (12 samples). At Lonvenvatnet lake a grab was used to catch macrophytes from the shore but none found; pieces of bivalve mollusks shells were found. On land, near the lake. Collecting terrestrial moss samples for microfauna (3 samples) Intertidal zone. Search for macroplastics with attached organisms (nothing found). Collection of dry material of Mytilus shells on the shore (> 30 specimens, many shells of young mollusks 15-20 mm, never found in 2019).
Photos: Work in the Lovenvatnet lake and after work on boar M. Zaremba.

30.07.2021
Trygghamna.
The team is divided into two groups: Alexej, Tobia and Dzmitry are working on a small lake and in the river valley (connecting the lake Lovenvatnet and the fjord), and Sergej, Jonas and Mantas are working in the intertidal zone on the opposite shore of the fjord. Both groups are armed with guns. Observational and mapping flights of the drone, inter alia to see the route to the bird colony. A small lake (not connected to the glacier, ca. 30 m, max depth 1.2 m). Measurements in the water column (probe) at 1 point, only surface. Samples for dissolved gas, nutrients and metals at one point (three replicas for everything). Water samples for CDOM – three samples, phytoplankton- one sample. Zooplankton (4 samples), bottom sediments (9 samples), limno-terrestrial substrata (7 samples) The river valley (a transect from the Lovenvatnet lake to the sea). Mosses (21 sample), soil (21). Intertidal zone. Search for macroplastics with attached organisms (nothing found). Five alive specimens of Mytilus found in the littoral (same area as in 2019). Two samples of Gammarus, Littorina and Semibalanus were taken, one in the innermost part closer to the glacier, and one approx. in the middle of the fjord. Collection of Mytilus dry shell material on shore. The trip to the bird colony (end of the fjord) to collect feathers is canceled, as very fresh (2 hours or less) tracks of bears (female with a bear cub) were found in the intertidal zone (towards the bird colony).
Photos: Captain Eugeniusz Moczydłowski making food for the team (the canister with the remaining drinking water is located on the deck), the investigated small lake in Trygghamna, fresh foot prints of bears, leaving the fjord.

31.07.2021
Longyearbyen.
Disembarked from the yacht ‘Magnus Zaremba’ at ca. 11 am. Received two pieces of luggage lost by SAS (one of them with the underwater camera parts, another with a second freezer). Packing of equipment, samples and material. Meeting with Vanessa Pitusi at UNIS. Placing frozen samples at UNIS in two portable freezers.
01.08.2021
Longyearbyen.
Visit to UNIS (excursion, great thanks to Vanessa!). Preparation of equipment and samples fixed with alcohol and formalin for storage at Pole Position store place until ‘Oceania’ picks them up. Photos: in LYR, Vanessa gives a tour in UNIS.

02.08.2021
Departure from LYR to Klaipeda.
03.08.2021
Arrival at home at 3-4 am (SAS flight was late again), all returned home safe-and-sound.

Sampling summer 2020 from OCEANIA - stations map

Sampling summer 2020 from OCEANIA - data collector Kajetan Deja

station
nr
station
name
activity date hour
(UTC)
lat (start) long (start) depth photo
1 VM4 1x VV, 1x BOX, 1x Niemisto, CTD, 1x dropcamera 19.07.2020 08.20 77°50.328’N 016°37.844’E 73
2 VM5 1x VV, 1x BOX, 1x Niemisto, CTD, 1x dropcamera 19.07.2020 09:24 77°49.954’N 016°36.117’E 74
3 VM4A 1x dropcamera 19.07.2020 12:40 77°49.987’N 015°25.112’E 64
4 VM4A' 1x dropcamera 19.07.2020 13:20 77°49.744’N 015°26.214’E 77
5 VM Bref 1x dropcamera 19.07.2020 14:37 77°45.312’N 015°07.804’E 107
6 VMB2 1x dropcamera, 1x VV 19.07.2020 16:43 77°44.762’N 014°40.440’E 77
7 Colesbukta 1 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 8:31 78°08.372’N 014°53.367’E 100
8 Colesbukta 2 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 9:34 78°07.924’N 014°56.008’E 60
9 Colesbukta 3 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 10:01 78°07.613’N 014°52.762’E 47
10 Colesbukta 4 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 10:56 78°07.484’N 014°57.281’E 39
11 Colesbukta 5 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 11:34 78°07.257’N 014°54.611’E 41
12 Colesbukta 6 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 12:00 78°06.750’N 014°58.661’E 25
13 Colesbukta 7 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 12:34 78°06.581’N 014°56.126’E 26
14 Isf AZ 1 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 13:59 78°09.670’N 014°59.530’E 104
15 Isf AZ 1' 1x dropcamera 20.07.2020 14:16 78°09.985’N 015°02.685’E 45
16 EK 1 1x VV, 1x BOX, 1x Niemisto, CTD, 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 6:03 78°40.154’N 014°29.118’E 50
17 EK 2 1x VV, 1x BOX, 1x Niemisto, CTD, 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 7:28 78°39.997’N 014°32.230’E 48
18 EK 3 1x VV, 1x BOX, 1x Niemisto, CTD, 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 8:25 78°39.885’N 014°34.777’E 36
19 EK 4 1x VV, 1x BOX, 1x Niemisto, CTD, 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 8:59 78°39.663’N 014°36.948’E 42
20 EK 5 1x VV, 1x BOX, 1x Niemisto, CTD, 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 10:32 78°39.471’N 014°38.766’E 52
21 Isf AZ 3 CTD, 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 13:27 78°34.109’N 014°40.880’E 107
22 Isf AZ 4 CTD, 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 14:37 78°32.977’N 015°02.531’E 109
23 YOL 3 2x Niemisto, 1x dropcamera, CTD 21.07.2020 16:49 78°30.485’N 014°34.954’E 60
24 YOL 2 2x Niemisto, 1x dropcamera, CTD 21.07.2020 18:07 78°29.667’N 014°36.775’E 71
25 YOL 1 2x Niemisto, 1x dropcamera, CTD 21.07.2020 19:20 78°28.753’N 014°37.442’E 69
26 YOL 0 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 20:19 78°29.239’N 014°34.305’E 39
27 YOL -1 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 20:37 78°30.131’N 014°37.829’E 84
28 Isf AZ2 1x dropcamera 21.07.2020 23:10 78°22.033’N 015°50.397’E 171
29 BAB' 1x dropcamera 22.07.2020 09:05 78°39.825’N 016°51.277’E 89
30 Temp 1 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 01:43 78°26.249’N 017°17.583’E 45
31 Temp 2 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 02:30 78°25.889’N 017°14.788’E 36
32 Temp 3 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 03:16 78°25.599’N 017°11.948’E 29
33 Temp 4 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 03:37 78°25.350’N 017°10.054’E 45
34 Temp 5 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 04:30 78°24.962’N 017°08.004’E 73
35 Temp 6 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 05:18 78°24.639’N 017°05.753’E 72
36 Temp 7 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 06:06 78°24.350’N 017°03.922’E 86
37 Sassen 1 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 07:22 78°21.709’N 016°52.026’E 98
38 Sassen 2 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 08:18 78°21.319’N 016°48.940’E 51
39 Sassen 3 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 10:46 78°21.004’N 016°46.245’E 47
40 Sassen 4 1x dropcamera 24.07.2020 11:43 78°22.257’N 016°50.142’E 100
41 Sassen 5 1x dropcamera 25.07.2020 00:34 78°21.928’N 016°47.308’E 97
42 Sassen 6 1x dropcamera 25.07.2020 01:25 78°21.550’N 016°44.172’E 76
43 Sassen 7 1x dropcamera 25.07.2020 02:19 78°22.432’N 016°45.625’E 92
44 Kblues 6 1x dropcamera 08.08.2020 12:57 78°59.600’N 011°57.200’E 51
45 Kblues 4 1x dropcamera 08.08.2020 13:26 78°59.463’N 011°57.293’E 111
46 Kblues 5 1x dropcamera 08.08.2020 13:59 78°59.303’N 011°57.545’E 160
47 Kblues 7 1x dropcamera 08.08.2020 14:41 78°59.242’N 011°57.007’E 210
48 Kblues 3 1x dropcamera 08.08.2020 15:23 78°59.416’N 011°56.598’E 183
49 Kblues 9 1x dropcamera 08.08.2020 16:22 78°59.236’N 011°56.033’E 226
50 Draga draga, 1x dropcamera 07.08.2020 23:20
-23:26
79°02.844’N 011°35.713’E 75
51 edgeøya1 stacja brzegowa 27.07.2020 77°32'4.79"N 20°51'29.26"E
52 edgeøya2 stacja brzegowa 27.07.2020 77°32'18.76"N 20°51'3.30"E
53 Sassendalen1 stacja brzegowa 03.08.2020 78°19'59.35"N 16°39'9.04"E
54 Sassendalen2 stacja brzegowa 03.08.2020 78°19'59.35"N 16°39'9.04"E

Field work plan 2019 (pptx)
Lithuanian Group report from the field work 2019 (pdf)

Field work diary 22nd–31st July 2019 – research vessel OCEANIA and yacht MAGNUS ZAREMBA

 Reflectance measurements with WISP-3 spectroradiometer in Svalbard,
July 2019.


DatePlace Area mapMeasurementsTurbidity range, NTU*
22-23.07.2019Gipsvika  Reflectance with WISP-3° spectroradiometer Turbidity,
Chlorophyll-a, Secchi disk depth
0.7 – 38.9
24-25.07.2019Yoldiabukta  Reflectance with WISP-3 spectroradiometer Turbidity,
Chlorophyll-a, Secchi disk depth
1.9 – 590.2
27.07.2019Borebukta  Reflectance with WISP-3 spectroradiometer Turbidity,
Secchi disk depth
1.0 – 8.6
28.07.2019Eidembukta  Reflectance with WISP-3 spectroradiometer Turbidity,
Secchi disk depth
5.6 – 23.1
29.07.2019St. Johnsfjorden
Dahlbrebukta
 Reflectance with WISP-3 spectroradiometer Turbidity,
Secchi disk depth
3.3 – 21.5
7.1 – 20.7
30.07.2019Trygghamma Reflectance with WISP-3 spectroradiometer Turbidity,
Secchi disk depth
4.4 – 15.4

*- NTU – Nephelometric Turbidity Units - the units of turbidity.
°- WISP-3 – WaterInsight (the Netherlands) produced hand-held spectroradiometer.

Sonar and underwater video survey (research yacht Magnus Zaremba, 23.07.2019-30.07.2019)

Date Place Area map (sonar
polygon + ROV station)
Digital terrain model ROV transects No. of UW
mosaics made
ROV snapshot
23.07.2019Gipsvika  - - -
24.07.2019 Gipsvika (cont-ed) -- 5 transects / 60 min 68
26.07.2019 Yoldiabukta       3 transects / 30 min 1
27.07.2019 Borebukta    4 transects / 53 min
3 transects / 15 min 27
27
15
27.07.2019
28.07.2019
Eidembukta  3 transects / 15 minin process
29.07.2019 St. Johnsfjorden   1 transect / 17 min in process
29.07.2019 Dahlbrebukta  - 2 transects / 37 min in process
30.07.2019 Trygghamma  - 3 transects / 31 min in process
TOTAL26 transects /271 min111 for now

Littoral survey of Gammarus, research yacht Magnus Zaremba, 23.07.2019-30.07.2019

Sample# Date Place Latitude Longitude Gammarus
oceanicus
(n)
Gammarus
setosus
(n)
Go % Gs % Sum
(n-specimens)
012019-07-23Gipsvika78.42333333º16.59055556º0501005
02 2019-07-23 Gipshukoden 78.43666667º 16.39666667º 3 24 11 89 27
04 2019-07-26 Yoldiabukten 78.47194444º 14.36611111º 1 10 9 91 11
07 2019-07-27 Borebukten-1 78.37638889º 14.39361111º 0 30 0 100 30
08 2019-07-27 Borebukten-2 78.36805556º 14.41138889º 6 33 15 85 39
09 2019-07-28 Eidembukta 78.36916667º 12.75888889º 26 0 100 0 26
10 2019-07-29 St Johnfjord 78.50527778º 12.92972222º 4 23 15 85 27
11 2019-07-29 Dahlbreen-1 78.56194444º 12.39388889º 0 19 0 100 19
12 2019-07-29 Dahlbreen-2 78.56611111º 12.44166667º 1 10 9 91 11
14 2019-07-30 Trygghamna 78.25166667º 13.73777778º 6 38 14 86 44
15 2019-07-30 Trygghamna 78.26222222º 13.68055556º 1 0 100 0 1
16 2019-07-30 Trygghamna 78.26305556º 13.68444444º 12 4 75 25 16
17 2019-07-30 Trygghamna 78.25916667º 13.71472222º 4 12 25 75 16

Underwater video survey performed by the Lithuanian team in Hornsund in 2018 (R/V Oceania)

DatePlaceROV transectsNo. of UW mosaics madeROV snapshot
31.06.2018Adriabukta7 transects / 27 min24
31.06.2018Burgerbukta5 transects / 14 min11


Littoral sampling, Faroe
August 2019

Faroe Islands sampling
23th - 25th August 2019

station nr12345678910
nameArnafjordurVidaroyGjogvFossaTjornuvikKlaksvik NWStrendurElduvikKlaksvik SEKirkjubour
longitude62°13.36662°21.63962°19.57562°15.05962°17.35762°13.64462°05.74862°16.94162°13.34761°57.165
latitude006°34.460006°32.686006°56.342007°04.437007°08.731006°35.413006°46.029006°54.674006°34.374006°47.714
coast typesandy beach; stonesrocksrocksstonessandy beachharbour, stonybouldersbouldersstonesstones
exposuremoder. shelteredexposedexposedmoder. exposedmoder. exposedshelteredmoder. exposedmoder. exposedmoderatly shelteredmoderatly sheltered
date23.08.201923.08.201923.08.201923.08.201923.08.201924.08.201924.08.201924.08.201924.08.201925.08.2019
hour10.1511.4514.0015.3016.2015.0014.5616.1917.2212.44
sample type   meiofaunaamphipods
taxonPhylum / class
Alaria
esculenta
Phaeophycae x
Acrosiphonia
sp.
Chlorophyta x x
Acrosiphonia
arcta
Chlorophyta x
Acrosiphonia
sonderii
Chlorophyta x
Ascophyllum
nodosum
Phaeophycae x
Buccinum
undatum
Mollusca x x
Bryozoa
n.det.
Bryoza x
Carcinus
maenas
Arthropoda x x x
Cladophora
spp
Chlorophyceae
Ceratium
gaditanum
Rhodophyta x
Dilsea
sp.
Rhodophyta x
Dumontia
contorta
Rhodophyta x
Enteromorpha
spp
Chlorophyceae
Eupagurus
pubescens
Arthropoda x
Fucus
vesiculosus
Phaeophycae x x
Fucus
spiralis
Phaeophycae x x x
Gammarus
oceanicus
Arthropoda 79 95 13 x
Gammarus
duebeni
Arthropoda 9 29 3
Gasterosteus
aculeatus
Chordata x
Gibbula
cineraria
Mollusca x x
Himanthalia
elongata
Phaeophycae x x
Idothea
granulosa
Arthropoda 5 1 3
Ligia
oceanica
Arthropoda x
Littorina
saxatilis
Mollusca x x x x
Littorina
obtusata
Mollusca x
Marinogammarus
marinus
Arthropoda 1 11
Marinogrammarus
obtusatus
Arthropoda 9
Marinogrammarus
pirloti
Arthropoda 151 79
Mytilus
edulis
Mollusca x x
Natica
catena
Mollusca x
Nucella
lapillus
Mollusca x x
Oligochaeta
n.det
Oligochaeta
Orchestia
sp.
Oligochaeta 7 1
Palmaria
palmata
Rhodophyceae x x x x
Patella
sp.
Mollusca x
Phyllophora
spp
Rhodophyceae
Porphyra
umbilicalis
Rhodophyceae x x
Ptilota
sp.
Rhodophyceae
Semibalanus
balanoides
Arthropoda x x
Spirorbis
sp.
Annelida
Strigamia
maritima
Chilopoda x x
Talitrus
saltator
Arthropoda 9 3 1
Ulva
lactuta
Chlorophyceae x x
Verrucaria
spp
Lichenes
photo  















































Report from the coastal walk team
23th July – 5th August 2019

Days 1-5
Completing expedition members in Longyearbyen and preparing logistics.
23.07
Arrival of Tomasz Jankowski (IO PAN, expedition leader) and Brian Waitkus (archeologist).
24.07
Arrival of Joanna Jankowska (cartographer, GIS specialist), Marta Wojcik Szot, Tomasz Szot (both Academy of Physical Education in Gdańsk) and Tomas Ruginis (University of Klaipeda, biologist).
26.07
Arrival of Hanna Mamzer (Adam Mickiewicz University Poznań, sociologist), Katarzyna Jankowska (Gdansk University of Technology, microbiologist) and Agnieszka Czujkowska (Warsaw ZOO, veterinarian).
25.07 and 27.07
Pre-expedition trekkings to Trollsteinen (15 km) and Nordenskjöldfjellet (18 km) to check personal equipment and to get expedition participants acquainted with the possible difficulties of tundra trekking.
23.07-27.07
Completing equipment, firearms rental, paperwork.

Days 6-14
Trekking from Bellsund to Grønfjorden. During 7 days of trekking we covered a distance of 130 km, mostly following coastline of western part of Nordenskjöld Land. We collected 9 Gammarus samples, 7 freshwater samples. We also collected plastic litters in 7 areas (3 x 100 square meters each).
28.07
Transport of the group on board SY “Oceania” to Bellsund, Landing in Vårsolbukta, setting first camp (C1) near hut in Camp Bell.
29.07
From Vårsolbukta to Vårsolbukta (C1 → C1, 14 km). Group followed 7 km of coastline west from the camp until Fridjovhamna and back. Gammarus sample (G1) collected (combined from 2 subsamples at G1a and G1b waypoints). We spotted large group of tourists visiting Little Auks colony located at slopes of Ingeborgfjellet. In one of huts at Camp Millar group of filmmakers was working.
30.07
From Vårsolbukta to Lågnesbukta (C1 → C2, 16 km). Group headed west in the direction of Bellsund mouth. Plastic litter sampling at P1 and P2, first freshwater sample collected at K1 waypoint (Ytterdalselva). First river “crocs style” crossing of our trip (Ytterdalselva). We expect only two or three more rivers to cross following days.
31.07
From Lågnesbukta to Marvågen (C2 → C3, 16 km). First we headed west and after reaching Lagneset we turned north. Next few days we will walk north until we reach Isfjord Radio settlement. Litter sampling at points P3 and P4. Gammarus G2 and G3 samples collected. Lonely walrus spotted on the beach in western part of Lågnesbukta (N77° 44.20195' E13° 46.684'). Ruins of Pomor house spotted nearby. Near C2 (N77° 44.692' E13° 48.759') we observed leaking, rusted, ~100 l steel barrel with diesel fuel (specific smell), traces of leaking fuel were observed in the area (see photos).

1.08
From Marvågen to Lisettholmane (C3 → C4, 18 km). As all of us are keeping all-night bear watches we decided to arrange shooting range and had some shooting practice. Plastic litter sampling at P5, Gammarus sampling at G4, freshwater sampling at K2. Few swimming seals spotted during the day.

2.08
From Lisettholmane to Isfjorflya (C4 → C5, 15 km). Plastic sampling at P6, Gammarus sampling at G5, freshwater sampling at K3, K4 and K5. Walrus colony observed 2 km south from C5.

3.08
From Isfjorflya to Linnévatnet (C5 → C6, 14 km). It was the last day of walking north, after reaching Kapp Lineé we turned west. We had coffe and chocolate in Isfjord Radio Adventure Hotel. Gammarus sampling at G6 and G7, freshwater sampling at K6.
4.08
From Linnévatnet to Linnévatnet (C6 → C6, 37 km). It was long day with a lot of waking as we were planning to collect 2 Gammarus samples both on low tide. Gammarus samples G8 and G9 collected, freshwater sampling at K7.


5.08
Boarding SY “Oceania” and arrival back to Longyearbyen.

Camp sites, landing & pick-up sites, GPS track

WPT latitude longitude date name
C177° 45,57083' N14° 20,48698' E2019.07.28Vårsolbukta / Camp Bell
C277° 44,78946' N13° 48,50406' E2019-07-30Lågnesbukta
C377° 48,85368' N13° 48,47544' E2019-07-31Marvågen
C477° 54,66630' N13° 38,59320' E2019-08-01Lisettholmane
C578° 1,29846' N13° 37,87260' E2019-08-02Isfjorflya
C678° 3,96228' N13° 46,11078' E2019-08-05Linnévatnet

Gammarus sampling

station place name date latitude longitude Gammarus
oceanicus
Gammarus
setosus
Go % Gs %
1Diabasbukta2019-07-2977° 45,51426' N14° 29,16492' E34117624
2Marvagen2019-07-3177° 46,58610' N13° 45,64644' E744955
3Marvagen2019-07-3177° 48,90162' N13° 48,11016' E45127921
4Osodden2019-08-0177° 52,45938' N13° 38,44170' E10010919
5Isfjorflya South2019-08-0278° 1,35576' N13° 37,48716' E68118614
6Isfjorflya North2019-08-0378° 2,63646' N13° 35,79174' E8901000
7Lewinodden2019-08-0378° 4,79460' N13° 43,14012' E1112982
8Vestre Twillingodden2019-08-0478°5,79554' N13° 52,18398' E39444753
9Minervaodden2019-08-0478° 1,82562' N14° 7,41469' E81178317

Plastic litter sampling points

WPT latitude longitude date name photos
P177° 46,33056' N14° 9,98142' E2019-07-30Van Muydenbukta

P277° 44,67096' N13° 48,56634' E2019-07-31Lågnesbukta

P377° 45,18384' N13° 43,16244' E2019-07-31Grønsteinodden

P477° 48,90162' N13° 48,11016' E2019-07-31Marvågen

P577° 50,60424' N13° 39,14706' E2019-08-01Russebuodden

P677° 57,02754' N13° 36,81450' E2019-08-02Stabbane
P777° 59,748' N13° 37,619' E2019-08-02 Isfjorflya
South/Griegbekken


Freshwater sampling points

WPT latitude longitude date name
K177° 46,49094' N14° 10,44018' E2019-07-30Yttersdalelva
K277° 52,61556' N13° 40,33698' E2019-08-01Loneelva/Orustelva
K377° 57,12432' N13° 36,71352' E2019-08-02Stabbelva
K477° 58,378' N13° 37,605' E2019-08-02Batodden / unnamed stream
K577° 59,33898' N13° 38,64126' E2019-08-02Solfonnbekken
K678° 1,26755' N13° 37,67586' E2019-08-03Isfjorflya South / unnamed stream
K778° 3,99040' N13° 46,81618' E2019-08-04Linnéelva

Field work diary – ADAMANT & ACCESS projects
Isfjorden 22nd July – 31st July 2019

22.07.2019
20:25
Arrival with Norwegian to Longyearbeyen, transport to OCEANIA at ByKaia,
21:30 – 23:30
Steaming to Gipsvika, onboard Lithuanian marine research team (Sergei Olenin, Vaciute), media Jakub Witek, environmentalist and veterinarian Andrzej Kruszewicz, plus IO PAN marine team (Jan Marcin Węsławski, Maria Włodarska-Kowalczuk, Joanna Legeżyńska, Lech Kotwicki, Kajetan Deja, Katarzyna Dragańska-Deja, Iwona Psuty – ichtyologist and Joachim Psuty - blogger)

23.07.2019
Since midnight work on benthic stations – repetition of 1992 sampling in the same area, Van Venn grabs for macrofauna, sediment box core for chemistry and meiofauna, CTD and turbidity profile, seabed photography and filming with Drop Camera. Measurments of the the light on the sea surface, suspensions concentration in surface water. Between stations (12 completed, plus sediment cores for chemists) two land trips for the measurements of the suspensions and salinity in the vicinity of Gipselva – small tundra river. Collection of plastic litter on the shore – on both sides of the Bay – Skitvakten on SE and Gipshukodden on NW.

24.07.2019
Steaming from Gipsvika to Yoldiabukta. Repetition of the old sampling stations from 1992, eight stations completed (same data as for Gipsvika) plus sediment cores. Peculiar view of the anoxic sediment in outer stations, with thin black layer of H2S on the surface of sediment – usually not observed in the Arctic fjords, probably effect of mass dacay of recently deposited organic debris. Coastal inspection at Stavneset, plastic litter documentation.

25.07.2019
OCEANIA on the anchor in Nordfjorden near Samebreen, crew and equipment echange with yacht „Magnus Zaremba” participating in the same sampling campaign. The boat team is delivered from the ship to landing place at Sveasletta. OCEANIA returns to Longyearbyen for the AREX sampling ans boat team starts its activity.

26.07.2019
Camp nr 1, coastal inspection for plastic, on the high coastal terraces subfossil Mytilus shells from the last climate optimum, in the coastal sands plastic bits (nurdle) and usual plastic debris. Later this day at low water, inspection of Ekmanfjord, Blonasletta and Flintholmen Island. Sampling the rich intertidal, plastic collection. Alive Mytilus in algal debris.

27.07.2019
Wrapping up the camp nr 1 and trravel to Muslingodden, Bohemanflya and Bohemannesset for intertidal sampling. Setting the Camp nr 2 at Erdmanodden in Ymerbukta. Harbour seals near the camp.

28.07.2019
Sampling the intertidal at Tryghamna, Alkepynten, and inner part of Ymerbukta, polar bear behind the Alkehornet (NW), single walrus.

2019.07.29
Sampling at Tundraodden and Ratangen. Mytilus in the intertidal at Ratangen, group of three plus two walruses on the shore of Tundraodden.

30.07.2019
Wrapping up the camp, travel to Longyerbyan along the southern shore of Isfjorden, with light SW wind. From Campsite to Longyear trip took 3 hours. Altogether the boats covered over 280km in Isfjorden. Packing the samples and equipemnt fot he delivery to OCEANIA. Night at UNIS guesthouse.

31.07.2019
Meeting with Magnus Zaremba team, unpacking their equipment at Pole Position store place. Travel to Longyearbyen airport. The end.

Boat sampling map

Coastal stations map

station place name Gammarus oceanicus % Gammarus setosus %
1Gipsvika991
3Gipshukodden3466
4Blonasletta Camp 11585
6Flintholmen8020
8Bohemanflya watt298
9Bohemannesset W982
9aBohemannesset E8317
10Ymerbukta 1 (camp 2)2575
11Alkepynten7723
12Frontholmen4159
13Ymerbukta 2 Erdmanodden991
14Ymerbukta 3 (Klaratopen)298
15Tundraodden2773
16Tundraodden S(W)3367
17Ratangen3466

Gammarus sampling 2019 - data with subsamples
(animals collected under single stone separately)

station
subsamples
place name date lat long Gammarus
oceanicus

n - specimens
Gammarus
setosus

n - specimens
Go% Gs% sum
n - specimens
1Gipsvika2019.07.2378º24.83316º35.92843999143
aGipsvika A 0901009
bGipsvika B 315178318
cGipsvika C 11569416
3Gipshukodden2019.07.2378º26.25216º23.7222039346659
aGipshukodden 59366414
bGipshukodden 1012455522
cGipshukodden 518227823
4Blonasletta Camp 12019.07.2678º38.15214º46.380845158553
6Flintholmen2019.07.2678º38.44614º33.847156398020195
aFlintholmen 104712914
bFlintholmen 174811921
cFlintholmen 498861457
dFlintholmen 6275258
eFlintholmen 23292825
fFlintholmen 811425819
gFlintholmen 438841651
8Bohemanflya watt2019.07.2778º24.10414º30.76315729858
9Bohemannesset W2019.07.2778º22.70514º45.77950198251
9Bohemannesset E2019.07.2778º22.70514º45.7798016831796
aBohemannesset E 6186147
bBohemannesset E 4010004
cBohemannesset E 7188138
dBohemannesset E 65554511
eBohemannesset E 7188138
fBohemannesset E 6186147
gBohemannesset E 3175254
hBohemannesset E 4010004
iBohemannesset E 7188138
jBohemannesset E 172891119
kBohemannesset E 133811916
10Ymerbukta 1 (camp 2) 2019.07.2878º16.64514º01.5632163257584
aYmerbukta 1 58386213
bYmerbukta 1 937208046
cYmerbukta 1 718287225
11Alkepynten2019.07.2878º12.64313º50.6074413772357
aAlkepynten 4357437
bAlkepynten 6275258
cAlkepynten 6186147
dAlkepynten 10191911
eAlkepynten 5183176
fAlkepynten 4544569
gAlkepynten 5010005
hAlkepynten 4010004
12Frontholmen2019.07.2878º14.73813.46.083841194159203
aFrontholmen 1532326847
bFrontholmen 0901009
cFrontholmen 3350506
dFrontholmen 268762434
eFrontholmen 1313505026
fFrontholmen 617267423
gFrontholmen 1317435730
hFrontholmen 820297128
13Ymerbukta 2 Erdmanodden2019.07.2878º14.98414º03.2921412991143
aYmerbukta 2 Erdmanodden 27293729
bYmerbukta 2 Erdmanodden 670100067
cYmerbukta 2 Erdmanodden 470100047
14Ymerbukta 3 (Klaratopen) 2019.07.2878º17.19413º54.99029129893
aYmerbukta 3 (Klaratopen) 24259544
bYmerbukta 3 (Klaratopen) 017010017
cYmerbukta 3 (Klaratopen) 032010032
15Tundraodden2019.07.2978º20.61914º14.0032054277374
aTundraodden 517237722
bTundraodden 4267336
cTundraodden 723237730
dTundraodden 3538638
eTundraodden 1713888
16Tundraodden S(W)2019.07.2978º20.39714º14.6343266336798
aTundraodden S(W) 411277315
bTundraodden S(W) 28208010
cTundraodden S(W) 1028267438
dTundraodden S(W) 1619465435
17Ratangen2019.07.2978º22.08414º24.653661303466196
aRatangen 0601006
bRatangen 103772313
cRatangen 169643625
dRatangen 711396118
eRatangen 530148635
fRatangen 1226326838
gRatangen 724237731
hRatangen 921307030

Plastic litter collection

datehourplace namedistance [m]photonr of items,
est. weight
remarks
2019.07.2320.30Gipselva300 no organisms attached
2019.07.2323.38Gipshukodden300 no organisms attached
2019.07.2421.32Stavnesset, Nordfjorden300 no organisms attached
2019.07.2522.11Sveasletta, Camp 1, South part100 Semibalanus balanoides on the plastic bulb
2019.07.2600.03Sveasletta, Camp 1, North 100 no organisms attached
2019.07.2612.06Ekmanfjord300 no organisms attached
2019.07.2710.25Muslingodden300 no organisms attached
2019.07.2712.42Bohemanflya - Drangen300 no organisms attached
2019.07.2713.03Bohemanflya - Drangen300 no organisms attached
2019.07.2715.40Bohemannesset, Fyr300 no organisms attached
2019.07.2912.38Tundraodden 1100 no organisms attached
2019.07.2912.38Tundraodden 2100 no organisms attached
2019.07.2912.56Tundraodden 3100 no organisms attached
2019.07.2913.05Tundraodden 4100 no organisms attached

Sampling stations

nrdatehourplace namestation codelatlongdepthwork completedremarks
12019.07.2223.49GipsvikaG178º25.76116º18.51175 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
22019.07.2300.59GipsvikaG2 78º25.55816º22.24360 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
32019.07.2301.33GipsvikaG678º25.42416º26.75752 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
42019.07.2302.13GipsvikaG778º25.11916º28.00551 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
52019.07.2302.42GipsvikaG878º24.96716º31.10550 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
62019.07.2303.07GipsvikaG1078º24.66916º30.00850 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
72019.07.2303.42GipsvikaG1178º24.72116º34.01430 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
82019.07.2304.11GipsvikaG1278º24.39116º33.78454 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
92019.07.2318.52GipsvikaG1478º25.61116º32.25130 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
102019.07.2323.02GipshukoddenGhd78º26.25216º23.7220 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo, genetics, meiofauna
112019.07.2407.24YoldiabuktaYol178º28.73914º37.28567 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop cameraH2S, black sediment on the surface
122019.07.2409.36YoldiabuktaYol278º29.69914º36.87978 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
132019.07.2410.15YoldiabuktaYol378º30.53114º35.14468 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
142019.07.2413.56YoldiabuktaYol478º28.76914º27.32040 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
152019.07.2413.04YoldiabuktaYol578º29.53414º27.30650 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
162019.07.2411.20YoldiabuktaYol678º29.89314º25.97860 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
172019.07.2415.20YoldiabuktaYol778º29.09914º21.95940 mCTD, turbidity, 3x VV, box core, light, susp.; drop camera
182019.07.26BlonaslettaE178º38.15214º46.3800 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics, plastic
192019.07.26FlintholmenE278º38.44614º33.8470 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics, plastic
Mytilus sp. Intertidal, at LW among Fucus
202019.07.2712.49BohemanflyaBHhmn N78º24.10414º30.7630 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics, plastic
212019.07.2714.54BohemannessetBhmn78º22.70514º45.7790 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics, meiofauna
222019.07.2720.44Erdmannoddencamp 278º16.64514º01.5630 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics,
232019.07.2817.09ErdmanoddenYmer278º14.98414º03.2920 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics,
242019.07.2818.06YmerbuktaYmer 378º17.2019413.54.9900 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics, plastic
252019.07.2817.30AlkepyntenAlh78º12.64313º50.6070 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics, plastic
262019.07.2818.00FrontholmenTrygg.inner78º14.73813.46.0830 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics, plastic
272019.07.2914.25TundraoddenT_odd78º20.61914º14.0030 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics,
282019.07.2915.21TundraoddenTodd_S/W78º20.39714º14.6340 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics,
292019.07.2915.40RatangenRtg78º22.08414º24.6530 m, low waterGammarus, Algae, photo,
genetics, plastic

Intertidal sampling stations with photos

nrdateplacephotos
123.07.2019Gipsvika (Skiitvakten)
2 23.07.2019 Gipselva
3 23.07.2019 Gipshukodden
4 24.07.2019 Ekmanfjorden, Camp 1
5 26.07.2019 Ekmanfjorden 1, Blonasletta
6 26.07.2019 Ekmanfjorden 2, Flintholmen
7 27.07.2019 Muslingodden
8 27.07.2019 Bohemanflya
9 27.07.2019 Bohemannesset



10 27.07.2019 Erdmanodden, Camp 2
11 28.07.2019 Alkepynten
12 28.07.2019 Tryghamna inner
13 28.07.2019 Erdmanodden Y2
14 28.07.2019 Ymerbukta 3, inner
15 2019.07.29 Tundraodden
16 2019.07.29 Tundraodden inner SW

Birds and mammals observed during boat trip 26-30th of July 2019, Isfjorden

(single - x, some to several - xx, hundreds - xxx)
sector
speciesPolish name Yoldiabukta Gipsvika Ekmanfjorden Nordfjorden Borebukta Ymerbukta Tryghamna Central Isfjorden
Alle
alle
alczyk x x x x x xxx
Alopex
lagopus
piesiec x
Anser
branchyrhynchus
gęś zbożowa x x
Arenaria
interpres
kamusznik x
Balaenoptera
acutorostrata
wal karłowaty x
Calidris
maritima
biegus morski x xx x x x
Calidris
alpina
biegus zmienny x
Cepphus
grylle
nurnik białoskrzydły x x x x x x x xx
Charadrius
hiaticula
sieweczka obrożna x
Fratercula
arctica
maskonur x x x x x x
Fulmarus
glacialis
fulmar xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx
Gavia
stellata
nur rdzawoszyi x x
Larus
hyperboreus
mewa blada x x xx x x xx x x
Odobaenus
rosmarus
mors x xx x
Phalaropus
fulicarius
płatkonóg x
Phoca
hispida
foka obrączkowana x x
Phoca
vitulina
foka pospolita x x
Plectrophenax
nivalis
śnieguła x
Rangifer
tarandus
renifer xx
Rissa
tridactyla
mewa trójpalczasta xx xx x x x x x xx
Somateria
molissima
edredon x x xx xx x
Stercorarius
parasiticus
wydrzyk ostrosterny x x x
Sterna
paradissea
rybitwa popielata x x x x
Uria
lomvia
nurzyk x x x x x x x xxx
Ursus
maritimus
niedzwiedź polarny x


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