International School on INtegrated Environmental Studies in the Arctic (INES) with respect to climate changes

28 September – 2 October 2020

Lecture descriptions

Prior to the school, all participants will obtain a script, which will contain background knowledge, necessary to follow the lectures. The script will be made available to the participants after the decision letter in May.

School schedule

Block of lectures: 45’ + break 15’ + 45’ + break 15’

Day 1 Oceanography basics and Arctic cryosphere + Biology/Ecology

9.00-11.00 Introduction to Oceanography

Introduction of Arctic conditions: ice cover, glaciers, specific atmospheric condition

Lecturer: Agnieszka Beszczyńska-Moeller, Physical oceanographer, Adam Nawrot, Snow and Ice cover specialist

11.00-13.00 Marine and terrestrial food webs, external drivers (abiotic and biotic), and adaptations to changing conditions in the Arctic

The marine and terrestrial ecosystem in European Arctic is very closely coupled, as most of the birds collect food ate sea and nests on land, nutritioning the coastal tundra. The cold temperature forced slow metaboilism, slow growth, and often large size in most of marine invertebrates in Arctic. This is changing now with ongoing warming. The Arctic food web gets more diverse, dispersed, with number of new species of small size.

Lecturer: Jan Marcin Węsławski, Marine Ecologist; Ulf Karsten, Marine biologist

13.00-14.00 Lunch break

14.00-16.00 Biodiversity changes and adaptations to changing climate

Contrary to most other regions, the warming brings higher diversity to the Arctic, as the species, that were removed from the high North by glaciation are coming back with the rising temperature. This creates major alteration of the ecosystem, that are not straightforward to predict.

Lecturer: Jan Marcin Węsławski, Marine Ecologist; Ulf Karsten, Marine biologist

16.15-19.00 Workshop: Societal relevance of climate change in the Arctic

We now realize that processes, which take place in the Arctic have significant influence on both marine ecosystems and human activities, which in turn have serious socio-economic implications for the rest of the world, with special significance for Europe. Therefore, using interactive techniques, in groups, we will discuss and work on a project to increase general awareness of good practices in ocean and climate mitigation and adaptation actions, including broadly understood SDGs in relation to Arctic issues

Lecturers: Joanna Piwowarczyk, Social Ecology Expert; Tymon Zielinski, Researcher

19.15 Icebreaker

Day 2 Physical and chemical atmospheric processes with focus on the Poles

9.00 – 15.45 Physical and chemical atmospheric processes, including long range and local sources of pollution

9.00-11.00 General atmospheric observation and remote sensing in the Arctic

Lecturer: Christoph Ritter, Leading lecture

11.00-13.00 The role of aerosol chemistry in the Arctic Climate: transport, local aerosol formation and implication for optical properties and heating rate

Lecturer: Luca Ferrero, Environmental application lecture

13.00-14.00 Lunch break

14.00-16.00 Written in the ice. Past climate reconstructions from ice cores

Lecturer: Carlo Barbante, Leading lecture

16.00-18.00 Ice core and sediment markers for reconstruction of paleoclimate and ice extent

Lecturer: Rita Traversi/Silvia Becagli, Environmental application lecture

Day 3 Practical exercise day with measurements at sea on board a research vessel

During the day long research cruise in the Gulf of Gdansk, onboard r/v Oceania, participants will have a chance to take active part in real oceanographic and atmospheric measurements. The participants will be able to work using state-of-the-art instruments and then will be involved in data analyses.

9.15-10.00 Transport to r/v Oceania

10.00-18.00 Interdisciplinary measurements on board r/v Oceania.

10.00-11.00 Boarding, travel to the stations

Familiarization with the rules and regulations onboard

11.00-18.00 Working in groups

12.00-13.00 Lunch break

18.00-18.30 Transport to the IO PAN

Day 4 Long-Term Evidences

09.00-16.00 Long-term observations and trends in aerosols, temperature, precipitation, clouds, radiation ice and snow cover/extent

Sustained, accurate, long-term global observations of key variables in the climate system are essential to describe seasonal-to interannual or even decadal climatic modulation or trends in the Arctic about aforementioned topics with examples. The main goal is working with the quality-controlled collection that documents changes in the environment as well as the background data from previous day for experimental studies. This day will be separated into blocks of activities.

16.00-17.00 Lunch break

Day 5 Practical exercises on climate data

9.00-13.00 Real data analyses

During this day, participants will be divided into groups in order to complete small research projects, based on real data, either collected during the measurements on r/v Oceania, or, in case of lack of such data, using data sets prepared by the organizing team. At the end of the day, each group will present the outcome of their project. Each group will be assigned to a lecturer.

13.00-14.00 Lunch break

14.00 Closing of the school.

  hand  PLAN